Party General Secretary and State President Nguyen Phu Trong delivers the 12th-tenure Party Central Committee’s report at the 13th National Party Congress on January 26 (Photo: VNA)
- Party General
Secretary and State President Nguyen Phu Trong, head of the document
sub-committee, has delivered the 12th-tenure Party Central Committee’s report
on documents submitted to the 13th National Party Congress, pointing out many
new and outstanding issues in the orientations for the next 10 years.
He presented the report at the opening session
of the congress, in Hanoi on January 26.
The overall development goal for the 2021-2025
tenure and subsequent years is to improve the Party’s leadership capacity,
ruling capacity, and combatant strength; build a clean and comprehensively
strong Party and political system; enhance the people’s trust in the Party,
State, and the socialist regime; inspire aspirations for a prosperous and happy
country and bring into play the will and strength of the great national
solidarity in combination with the strength of the era; comprehensively and
concertedly promote reforms, industrialisation, and modernisation; build and
firmly safeguard the Fatherland, maintain a peaceful and stable environment;
and strive to turn Vietnam into a socialist-oriented developed country by the
The Political Report identified concrete targets
for not only the 13th tenure but also the coming decades. Vietnam is to become
a developing country with modernity-oriented industry and move up and out of the
lower-middle income level by 2025, a developing country with modern industry
and upper-middle incomes by 2030, and a developed country with high incomes by
To achieve these goals, the Political Report set
out and specialised reports detailed 12 strategic orientations for national
development for 2021-2030. Major ones cover important development issues for the
country over the next 10 years, including many new and outstanding matters.
They include continuing to strongly reform
mindsets, building and concertedly perfecting regulations for sustainable
national development; comprehensively and concertedly completing regulations
for developing a socialist-oriented market economy; and strongly reforming the
growth model, restructuring the economy, industrialising and modernising the
country, paying attention to innovation, stepping up national digital
transformation, and developing a digital economy and society.
One of the orientations is to create
breakthroughs in the fundamental and comprehensive reform of education and
training, in science and technology, in the development of high-quality human
resources, in the attraction and use of talent, and in the strong application
of achievements from the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Another is to develop people comprehensively and
nurture an advanced Vietnamese culture deeply imbued with the national
identity; manage social development in an effective and strict manner, ensuring
social and human security; proactively and effectively respond to climate
change, mitigate natural disasters; prevent and fight against disease
outbreaks, protect people’s health; and manage and sustainably exploit and use
natural resources, pay heed to environmental protection, and ensure sustainable
The next is to proactively prevent the risk of
war and conflict soon and from afar; resolutely, persistently, and firmly
safeguard the Fatherland’s independence, sovereignty, unity, and territorial
integrity; ensure national security and social order and safety; and implement a
foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, and multilateralisation, diversification
of external relations, and active and proactive international integration in an
extensive and effective manner.
One orientation is to practice and broadly bring
into play socialist democracy and the people’s right to mastery and roles, enhance
the people’s trust, and promote social consensus.
Delegates at the opening session of the the 13th National Party Congress on January 26 (Photo: VNA)
Also among the orientations are building and
completing the socialist law-governed State; building a clean, strong, lean,
efficient, and effective political system; pushing ahead with the fight against
corruption, wastefulness, bureaucracy, and negative phenomena; and continuing
to enhance Party building and rectification in a comprehensive manner, in
association with reforming the Party’s leadership and ruling methods.
The Party General Secretary and State President
said the Party’s 13th tenure is an extremely important milestone since it
serves as the prerequisite for the next tenures to successfully achieve the
strategic national development goals for 2030, with a vision to 2045.
He emphasised the resolve to effectively carry
out the tasks and solutions put forth in the documents submitted to the 13th
National Party Congress so as to herald a new development phase for the
country, with the following focuses:
First, to continue promoting Party building and
rectification, and building a law-governed socialist State and a clean and
powerful political system.
Secondly, to strongly and effectively reform the
growth model; restructure the economy; step up industrialisation and
modernisation on the basis of science and technology, innovation, and
high-quality human resources; and concertedly build and perfect regulations for
developing a full, modern, and integrated socialist-oriented market economy.
Thirdly, to inspire the will and determination
to develop a prosperous and happy country and a powerful, wealthy, and
everlasting nation; and bring into play the cultural value and strength of the
Vietnamese people in national construction and defence.
Fourthly, to firmly maintain independence and
self-reliance; reinforce defence and security strength; improve the quality and
effectiveness of diplomatic activities and international integration;
resolutely and persistently safeguard the country’s independence, sovereignty,
unity, territorial integrity, seas, islands, and skies; and maintain a peaceful
and stable environment for national development.
Fifthly, to bring into play the strength of the
great national solidarity, socialist democracy, and the people’s right to
mastery; increase legislation; and ensure social discipline. And,
Sixthly, to strictly manage and reasonably and
effectively use land and resources; boost environmental protection and
improvements; and proactively and actively carry out climate change adaptation
The Party and State leader went on to say that
it is necessary to focus the investment of resources and pay special attention
to leadership and direction over the implementation of those focal tasks and
solutions, in order to create substantive improvements in making the three strategic
breakthroughs put forth by the 11th and 12th national Party congresses and
supplemented by this event.
The first strategic breakthrough is to concertedly
complete regulations, initially those for developing a socialist-oriented
market economy; prioritise the concerted and high-quality completion and sound implementation
of the legal system, mechanisms, and policies for creating a favourable,
healthy, fair, and innovation-facilitating investment and business climate;
mobilise, manage, and effectively use every resource, especially land and
finance, for development; boost reasonable and effective decentralisation; and
increase the examination, monitoring, and control of power via useful measures.
The second is to develop human resources,
especially high-quality workers; prioritise human resources for leadership and
management affairs and key sectors on the basis of improving and making
fundamental, strong, and comprehensive changes in education - training quality
in association with mechanisms for recruiting, using, and treating talent; step
up the research, transfer, application, and development of science -
technology; inspire aspirations for a prosperous and happy country as well as
the will to move forward; and uphold the cultural value and strength of the
Vietnamese people in national construction and defence.
And the last is to build a concerted and modern
infrastructure network in terms of economy, society, environment, defence, and
security; prioritise the development of certain national key transport
facilities; adapt to climate change; and pay attention to developing
information and telecoms infrastructure, creating a foundation for national
digital transformation and gradually developing a digital economy and